Photovoltaics

Written off and shaken by crises many times - and yet it pushed through. Even better: there are new solutions and new applications all the time. And repeatedly new records. The sun as direct energy source will continue to please us a long time. FRT helps to utilize this energy efficiently and cost effective.

TOPOGRAPHY (SHAPE, STRUCTURE)

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Standard topography measurement

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Solar finger topography

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Texturing on a thin film solar cell performed by laser ablation

ROUGHNESS

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DIN/ISO-compliant roughness and waviness measurement

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Profile extraction to analyze finger roughness of a solar panel

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Roughness profile on a finger of a solar panel

STEP HEIGHT / WIDTH

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Step height and width measurement

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Area measurement of a trench on a solar cell

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Profile of a trench on a solar cell, step height and width analysis

SAW MARKS

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Saw marks measurement

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Area scan of saw marks on a solar wafer

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Profile scan of saw marks on a solar wafer

DEFECT INSPECTION

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Defect inspection

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Defect at the edge of a solar wafer

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Damage area of a printed organic solar module